The lower mechanical surface boundaries principle is meant to decrease power loss from friction and inertia of the moving pistons, which increases dramatically at higher speeds.
· In our Relative-Motion Turbo Charged Version Design, having the four strokes accomplished in one reciprocating cycle, where fluid intake and compression hosted in a separate compartment behind Our Floating Piston, and completed at the same time of the power and exhaust strokes, a required acceleration to perform similar conventional cylinder work is decreased to half, with lower piston speed that not only decreases the overall piston-to-cylinder surface boundaries as a function of time, but also increases the upper speed limits of possible additional power gain.
Any sacrifice of initial speed in a Conventional Cylinder would be a potential power loss. That is done, with Conventional Engines by initial combustion forces that could be thirty times higher than the load or resistance forces.
This principle has come under doubt since direct injection was applied, where some text books interpreted the advantages to be a result of higher compression ratios available with direct injection, and our interpretation concludes that better efficiencies with direct injection is a result of
1) Lower initial speeds that allow a better equilibrium in transferring potential forces to piston forces.
2) Lower average speed is helpful in ridding of the freeze zone at piston surface with more complete fuel burning.
· The new Relative-Motion Combustion Design is done with minimum acceleration required to maintain a working speed, which is optimized not only by the initial forces, but also by secondary forces of partial compression initiated behind the Floating Piston, where pressure is dynamically reflected as forces applied to a crankshaft piston.
The ratio of transmitting pressure forces to piston forces is enhanced by the factor of decreased speed requirement
Designs intended to enhance expansion ratio were based on initial combustion conditions and allowance or limits of the negative driving force which starts about half way of the power stroke.
Simulation tests at similar compression ratios, show much higher initial pressure associated with premixed fluid but still with lesser performance.
· In a Conventional Cylinder one of the disadvantages of having higher initial pressure with sharper force decline, is the in-equilibrium of transmitting pressure forces to piston forces associated with higher piston speed.
· Relative Motion Design, has its speed controlled, with its designed smaller combustion volume within its Floating Piston that has internally a smaller total surface, and not by just initial pressure conditions, that allows us to use earlier direct injection before the spark, to increase initial pressure, with a better equilibrium method of transmitting pressure forces between the Floating Piston and the crankshaft piston, where the expanding volume completes the hydrocarbon combustion at a lower temperature that reduces the NOx values to N2.
The Conventional Cylinder Designs during the past century have always committed to the above principles, with most advances based on the third principle of increasing its expansion ratio.
The Relative Motion Cylinder compares itself to a four -stroke conventional cylinder, but the intake and compression strokes are done in a different compartment than the power and exhaust strokes
The Relative Motion Cylinder, can make a naturally aspirated engine with a piston configured for variable surface-to-pressure exposure during a power stroke, or can make a turbocharged engine with the four strokes split in two separate compartments, allowing one power stroke every cycle where torque pulses are further integrated in a uniform motion.
Torque available at each operation speed is independently controlled by applying secondary forces, communicated from the turbocharge, to our Floating Piston, and to our crankshaft piston. "Enhancing potential-to-kinetic equilibrium with a power output improvement". Some studies claim that the nonequilibrium is responsible for rendering 50%-90% of the burned fuel, as non-useful.
· Also, in a Conventional Cylinder, forces for performing the intake-compression piston cycle, are borrowed forces from another cylinder working power. In a Relative Motion Cylinder, a compression force borrowed, becomes a secondary working force transferred to a piston.
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